- Getting Real: Authenticity in Writing Prompts - National Writing Project
Summary: Teachers often strive to develop exercises in which students write "authentic" pieces for an audience beyond the teacher. Here Slagle demonstrates the next step: sending student writing to people outside the classroom.
- Teach How to Write to Different Audiences: Students Learn to Adjust Vocabulary or Language for Specific Reader
Writing to an Audience: The reason it is important to know the audience is because the writer needs to know how much explanation to give in a piece of writing. Depending on the expertise of the audience, a writer can use jargon of the topic with or without explanation.
- JSTOR: Reading Research Quarterly, Vol. 36, No. 2 (Apr. - May - Jun., 2001), pp. 184-201
Understanding how writers address and invoke audience may simultaneously enhance children's growth as readers and writers. Most research on student writers' sense of audience has focused on secondary and college writers. This study examines first graders' demonstrations of audience awareness in the context of Family Message Journal writing. In Family Message Journals children write a message to their families and receive a written family reply each day. These journals provide a fertile context for the study of audience awareness because of the existence of an authentic, responsive audience for children's messages.
- ReadWriteThink: Lesson Plan: Teaching Audience Through Interactive Writing
One of the most difficult aspects of writing is keeping audience in mind throughout the writing process. Developing lessons that support this strategy for writing is essential in the elementary classroom. This lesson supports first-grade students in learning about audience. Through interactive writing, students work together to create a genuine invitation letter for a group of their peers. In addition to the interactive writing experience, students work independently to create invitation letters for their families. Extension activities include conducting additional interactive writing experiences, reading books with samples of letters, and creating invitations at a learning center.
- Audience Awareness: When and How Does It Develop?
Many theorists contend that the purpose of writing is to communicate with an audience, which can be defined as actual readers or as the writer himself. Scholars also seem to agree on another point: "no matter who/what the audience is (from real people to fictional construct), writers adjust their discourse to their audiences. In other words, writers do things to bring their readers into their texts, to establish a community that includes themselves and their reader" (Wildeman, 1988). A strong case can be made for teachers to use audience-oriented teaching strategies that encourage children to write for a wide range of readers.
- Educational Leadership:Giving Students Ownership of Learning:The Power of Audience
When student work culminates in a genuine product for an authentic audience, it makes a world of difference.
- A Collection of Online Publishing Opportunities for Student Writing - National Writing Project
Writing Project teachers have always found authentic ways to propel their students toward writing to an audience beyond the classroom. This collection focuses on online publishing opportunities for students of all ages—including literary magazines, book review sites, and even jokes and riddles.
- Lesson Plan: Writing for Purpose and Audience. Teach Students How to Write and Revise with Purpose and Audience in Mind.
Cover the following points about writing for purpose and audience: 1) Your audience determines what you write, what examples and details to include, what to emphasize, word choice and tone. 2) Your purpose for writing determines what you write, the point of your writing, and how you will make your point. 3) Knowing audience and purpose gives your writing focus.
- audience_purpose_classroom_activities_2009-04-14.pdf (application/pdf Object)
- EJ0985Focus.pdf (application/pdf Object)
Wiggin's English Journal article on Real-World Writing: Making Purpose and Audience Matter
- Strategic Writing: The Writing Process and Beyond in the Secondary English Classroom
- Learning Through Listening | R.A.F.T. Strategy
- Exploring Audience and Purpose with a Single Issue - ReadWriteThink
Students explore the rhetorical concept of audience and purpose by focusing on an issue that divided Americans in 1925, the debate of evolution versus creationism raised by the Scopes Monkey Trial. Students first become familiar with the case by reviewing a newspaper article and other resources with details about the trial. They then identify the purpose and audience of a newspaper article about the trial, and explain how the purpose and audience for the article shaped the text. Then, students brainstorm a list of positions someone writing about the trial might take and the audience they might address as they consider how audience and purpose might shape other communication on the issue using an online Audience Analysis Inventory tool.
- Engaging Audience: Writing in an Age of New Literacies
- 50 Useful Blogging Tools for Teachers
Blogging is becoming more and more popular in the classroom. Teachers can blog to stay in touch with parents and students or they can incorporate blogs from all of the students as a learning tool. The beauty of the student blog is that children from Kindergarten to high school can blog. No matter how you use blogs in your classroom, these tools will help you get started, enhance your experience, or bring the students into the fun.
- Welcome to Great Source iwrite!
Welcome to Great Source iwrite!
Everything educators, students, and parents need to make the writing process work in the classroom and at home
- Elements of Literature: Writing Resources
Holt Writing Resources
Interactive Writer's Models
Analyze the elements of good writing with these interactive writer's models. Each model includes annotations and tips to help you be a good writer yourself.
- 21stCenturyConcepts - 70 Tools in 70 Minutes
A great presentation on Web 2.0 tools for teaching